Facing criticism from industry over its controversial overhaul of the environmental assessment process, the federal Liberal government released new details Wednesday about which projects will be subjected to greater scrutiny by Ottawa’s regulators.
Ottawa is vowing to exempt certain non-mining projects that use steam to extract crude from deep under the earth — known as ‘in-situ’ projects — as long as Alberta Premier Jason Kenney maintains a hard cap on emissions from his province’s oil sector.
Kenney’s predecessor, Rachel Notley, vowed to limit emissions from the sector to 100 megatonnes in any given year — a limit the sector currently is in no danger of exceeding.
The federal Liberal government previously cited that cap as a condition for approving the much-delayed Trans Mountain expansion project that will move product from Alberta to B.C.’s coast for export.
Speaking to reporters in Alberta Tuesday, Kenney called the oilsands emissions cap “an academic abstraction” and did not say for certain whether he would keep it in place.
Federal officials, speaking to reporters on background Wednesday, said in-situ projects would be left off the “project list” — a list of proposed developments that are to receive federal reviews by impact-assessment panels — as long as they are constructed in a jurisdiction with an emissions cap.
In-situ extraction projects, like the one at Cenovus Energy’s Christina Lake operation, generally have a much smaller environmental footprint and use considerably less water than open-pit oilsands mining projects. They also don’t rely on tailings ponds to collect waste.
Mining projects with bitumen production capacity will see no change, officials said, and likely will be subjected to federal reviews, as they are now.
The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers and other industry groups were anxious about the risk of regulatory creep and the prospect of Ottawa applying its jurisdiction to projects that, to date, have operated largely under provincial jurisdiction: in-situ operations and some hydroelectric projects.
Officials said the project list would be reserved largely for proposed developments that are nationally significant, and those that have “the greatest potential for adverse environmental effects in areas of federal jurisdiction.”
However, federal environment ministers do retain the right to put any project on the list if they feel it warrants more regulatory scrutiny from the feds. The environmental effects of projects that are not being added to the project list would continue to be addressed by other regulatory regimes, the officials said.
Bill C-69, the government’s environmental assessment overhaul, is currently before the Senate. It has faced intense criticism over how much authority it gives the environment minister to suspend an assessment or extend timelines.
In response to such concerns, the federal government said Wednesday there will be regulations to strictly govern those timelines.
The officials said that a suspension of timelines would only come for “proponent-driven reasons” — if a company needs more time for design work or for financial reasons, for example.
The minister can only extend “decision-making timelines” once, for a period no longer than 90 days. The minister would have to publicly state why the government is requesting an extension, and any further delays would have to be approved by the entire cabinet.
This story originally appeared on CBC